Tactics are short lived, but The Art of Strategy never dies...
Welcome, to The Life Strategic!We teach Life and Business through the Chess Metaphor.
1987. Seville, Spain. Defending World Champion Gary Kasparov (white) is down one loss in the Champion’s match against challenger and former champion Anatoly Karpov during the final game of the series — he would lose the title with anything less than a win.
Both players were moving faster to insure the extra time granted by reaching 40 moves, when Kasparov failed to write his scorecard for two consecutive moves, and was reminded by a judge to tend to it. His next move missed the Win with 33. Qd1?? which is clearly defensible, instead of the stronger 33. Qb5!
It may seem obvious, but a distraction at a critical moment can be all that a career hangs on. Kasparov regarded this game as the “Mount Everest” of his career, yet managed to hold on further until Karpov too made a critical error later.
“Haste is never more dangerous than when you feel that victory is in your grasp.” – Eugene Znosko-Borovsky
It is a game of focus and attentive patience, and it is a game of time. In Chess and Life, often you cannot rush things without missing something important. Even if it seems obvious, quick assumptions can be deadly. Assuming your opponent’s motive, or your own safety, can ruin your game.
Rushing your play can inadvertently commit you to errors of assumption or cause you to miss possibilities to win, merely by missing a detail in the position. You can short circuit a brilliant endgame and victory simply by hurrying your analysis. It is a costly mistake to neglect looking deeply, on both offense and defense.
“Haste, the great enemy.” – Eugene Znosko-Borowski
For instance: You pick up your date on time, have a great experience at the restaurant, and realize only then you forgot to grab your wallet rushing out the door. You now have no funds to take care of your meals. This is an embarrassing mistake at best, or it could be fatal to a new relationship at worst.
Mistakes can cause greater issues than blowing a date. Scrambling for work five minutes late, running along the highway you will miss things and open the door to circumstance. How many car accidents, some fatal, are caused by cascading errors of attention? The fact you didn’t plan your morning can be life-altering if fate intervenes.
“Avoidance of mistakes is the beginning, as it is the end, of mastery in chess.” – Eugene Znosko-Borovsky
A pilot has to do a pre-flight check that cannot be rushed. It is one of the most important and most repeated lessons of flight training, and with good reason. If you miss one little thing it can cause huge problems when you are cruising at three thousand feet. Just “assuming” you have enough gas to get to your destination is known to have caused many a tragedy – you cannot coast to the side of the road when you run out of gas thousands of feet above the earth.
“One bad move nullifies forty good ones.” – I.A. Horowitz
From lesser mistakes, to greater, we are all held accountable. That is why focus and attentive patience are imperative in Chess and in Life. Getting excited that your game is appearing to come to a glorious conclusion? Don’t overlook the basics of the situation. Maybe your dinner plans are coming to fruition exactly how you wanted? This is the time to pay attention and not to rush things; to solidify the win.
Losing a “Winning Game” is almost a truism.
When Kasparov missed the early win in Seville it was a matter of minutiae outside of the game – a technical point every player knows to follow. If he had been a lesser man, it could have ruined him.
If you can master small details such as keeping your own score or balancing your checkbook, you can keep minor blunders like that out of the sinister clutches of fate. Indeed the small things can be crucial for good or ill, and are what great things are built of.
Destiny after all, is in the details.
Full notes of the 1987 World Championship Final Game can be found here.
“To Insure Oneself against Defeat is the highest Duty of a General; only after doing this should he seek a Victory over his Opponent.” – Sun Tzu, ca. 200 B.C.E.
There are three possible outcomes in a game of chess – a win, a loss or a draw. A win awards the winner one point and nothing to the loser, while a draw gives half a point each to both players.
A draw can be reached by agreement, where both players realize each does not have suitable chances of winning; or it can be a fight to a literal standstill, occurring when a player is not in check and has no legal move, or when neither player has sufficient material to mate the opponent.
And sometimes, a player may choose to settle for a draw even if he/she has chances of winning, simply to eliminate the risk of losing. If you can secure a pass to a higher Tournament round you might choose that option – to that player, it is more important not to lose than it is to win.
“Rule No 1: Never lose money. Rule No 2: Never forget rule No 1.” – Warren Buffett (the world’s most famous investor)
Most investors have found it difficult to settle for a draw in bear markets, but the best of investors know it can be better in this situation to break even than to hope for an overnight turnaround. Investing in the stock market is a tricky game, just like chess. A player must know how to weigh the risks involved and understand when best to pull out, even if it doesn’t amount to a win.
When is the Game a “Salvage Mission”?
Having this mentality is what keeps successful people on the winning platform for extended careers. It doesn’t mean there aren’t times when they didn’t have chances of winning; it doesn’t mean there weren’t times when life was really hard on them. What a prolonged series of successes means is that the player was able to stay in the game.
If you can hold together in bad times, you will shine in good times.
“The Good Days are easy, and are a pleasure to work. It is the pro that puts in high quality effort when things look bad. You get paid for the Bad Days.” – a former boss of the author
Settling for a draw in the game of chess, does not necessarily mean the game is unchallenged or that a player is trying to play safe. In fact, in most cases, it means that a both players own bloody noses – and are so thoroughly pummeled that the ability to be tactically accurate has been compromised. Instead of rolling the dice, it can be smarter to sit on the sidelines.
Sometimes you have to Fight for a draw too. Being brave enough to force a half-point draw can be the defining point of a career – or of a marriage.
Marriage can be tough sometimes. Bystanders may exclaim at how close the rocks may be. Settling for a loss at such times can be really disastrous. You, your spouse and kids may never recover from it. But the draw mentality; the not-to-lose mentality will help you stay the distance and surmount the difficult times.
Survival can indeed be more important than the good times ever were. Things may look dark today, but tomorrow the sun will shine if you keep playing a solid game.
Offense, going for the jugular, wins the praise of the critics but it sometimes leaves you very vulnerable. Defense doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll win, but it can keep you in the game, which is more important. Staying in the game is priority Number One.
“Ninety percent of Success is Showing Up.” – Anon*
*quote originally attributed to Woody Allen that I am sure to have mis-taken. The concept is that being present at the game is a large part of being able to succeed at it. In the context of this post, that by defense you can insure that you at least can keep playing, and so enable future winning chances…
image: Washington Sq. P. – courtesy of George Eastman House – a Public Domain photo
On Bravery, and Risk Taking
“We cannot resist the fascination of sacrifice, since a passion for sacrifices is part of a chess player’s nature.” – Rudolf Spielmann
Often in Life, to either achieve your ultimate goal or to win a battle against today’s opponent, you have to make sacrifices and take calculated risks. For chess players, it is a passion to make these decisions; these are truly the roots of why we play. Although we are facing an active opponent, the future lies in our own choices today.
Gambits are a prime example: When a player offers a “gift” pawn to his opponent, it can be rejected or accepted. To illustrate, in the Queen’s Gambit, accepted, black has risked and lost a good bit of control in the center in the hope of gaining initiative, positing a counterattack with his own C-Pawn. This is one of the most consistently played themes the game has ever known. Control of the center is a key principle because every thing moves through it over the course of a game.
“Daring ideas are like chessmen moved forward. They may be beaten, but they may start a winning game.” ― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
In everyday life, often the thing being demanded from you is to be brave, brave on your decisions, brave enough to defend your priorities – you must choose a position or risk being washed away by others’ plans. It is often better to defend even just one thing well than be carried by the winds of the moment.
To paraphrase Goethe, you could be beaten, but the only way to build a victory is to take a series of risks. When the founders of YouTube, Chad Hurley and Steve Chen, thought of building a video website, they were opposed by literally everyone in their surroundings. They took risk after risk, admittedly losing many key battles and investors along the way, but the ultimate payoff was enormous. To win in any endeavor you must face defeat squarely.
Self analysis should not be taken on a ticking clock.
Unlike golf, there is no “mulligan” operation in chess or life. Once you’ve made a move, good or bad, it’s time to look into the future and make further plans – don’t look behind, don’t dwell on your mistakes. Actively engaging regret can cost you the opportunity that your next move could have. Only a new move can salvage a blunder. Make new plans, think positively, and come prepared to face life.
In short, being brave, and cautiously risking your pieces and position for future rewards, are two sides of the same coin. If you are naturally adventurous, then taking more measured risks is a growth step. If you are a thinker, you need to know how to take strong action on your conclusions.
Winning takes more than intellect. “The game” requires Heart as much as mind; not only chess, but Life itself. Action should naturally follow thought, and Mastery begins in that balance.
Use all that you have to win. Be Brave.
image: Queens Gambit, Accepted – created with http://www.chessvideos.tv/chess-diagram-generator.php
Chess is undeniably tactical, demanding solid skills and technique; a game where nothing is hidden on the board. But it is also true that “luck” plays an important role in deciding who wins.
Whether or not luck decides the outcome of a game is a time-honored debate, but two time British Chess Champion Sir George Alan Thomas said “The popular idea that chess is a game into which luck does not enter at all is quite a fallacy.”
Luck: “Success or failure apparently brought by chance rather than through one’s own actions.” – Online Oxford Dictionary, 2015.
But some players legitimately depend on the raw chance that an opponent may blunder, don’t they? And an opponent’s blunder can be caused by factors that we as competitors have either encouraged or not, though the mistake is not actually our own action.
In Chess and in Life, we can only make our own moves after all.
There would be no luck in chess if there were no mistakes. Speaking with Radio WNYC about his career, Garry Kasparov talked about the fact that there aren’t any games, no matter how brilliant, which do not contain error. “You win sometimes because your opponent made the last mistake.”
But there’s something more important to strategy than the argument about blunders and making mistakes; it is the learned intuition that grasps when an opponent has overreached. Capitalizing on such knowledge is called Opportunism. Making your opponent pay for a blunder can be your surest, easiest and fastest route to victory.
Opportunism is everywhere, in Chess and Life.
For example, someone you sit next to while traveling invites you to an interview, and in a few weeks you’re a full-fledged employee of a Fortune 500 Company. You may have brought an excellent resume, but so did many others – the world is full of underachievers who finished school with excellent grades world-class skills.
There are better programmers than Mark Zuckerberg; there were more hardworking men than Steve Jobs. They just took hold of opportunity when it presented itself. They saw an inefficiency in how the market was handling technology, and adapted a solution to it.
Luck doesn’t just happen; you make happen it happen. And you can consciously create space in your life for good fortune.
When you’re better, simplify; when you’re worse, complicate…
My father was a lawyer for thirty years, and he told me when he had a losing case he would choose a jury trial, and when he had a winning case, he would want a Judge to decide it. The Jury trial equalized the chances with his opponent’s arguments, while the more scholarly judge’s skill would accentuate his own superior position. He was managing his chances appropriately.
As a chess example, Capablanca was the best chess player of his day, and his own personal motto was “simplify, simplify, simplify.” His competition knew that they had to really muddy the water with new variations if they were to stand any chance at beating him – and occasionally it worked. But the rare exceptions proved the rule that the best players want a level field, and inferior players need complexity, deceit, or randomness.
“The Opportunity for Victory lies in the Opponent; First secure yourself against Defeat, and only then seek out Ways of defeating the Enemy.” – Sun Tzu
In chess and life, good players don’t wait for luck. They play a solid game but create space for opportunity, and they spot it early and capitalize on it; that said though, they do play a solid game in case a mistake or inefficiency does not present itself.
Leave nothing to chance; many things are beyond our control, but sound strategy can account for that. Fortune needs to be molded.
Manage your Luck.
image: Chess, a Creative Commons CC 0.0 photo from Morguefile
In May, 2006, The future undisputed World Chess Champion Vladimir Kramnik was faced with a problem; how to play a computer even more powerful than the famous Deep Blue.
Deep Fritz represented real power at the chess board, but Kramnik, an experienced “advanced chess” player (where two humans use computers to help their play, legally, in a game) was drawn into the method rather than the topic of checkmate. After 34 moves he was faced with this position.
Kramnik to move as black.
And he chose 34. … Qe3?? missing the checkmate-in-one by Deep Fritz on Kramnik’s own king.
“The computer age has arrived, and it influences everything: analysis, preparation, information. Now a different talent is required – the ability to synthesize ideas.” – Boris Spassky.
Computers have quickly come into every aspect of our lives, bringing to light both the negative and positive attributes that we as humans have always had but never realized.
Before computers came to chess, players played the game armed with the knowledge and analysis of previous Grandmaster games or merely their own game review. GM moves before the time of computer critique were always correct (until they’re proven incorrect by other Grandmasters’ moves and analysis) and information on them was limited and often expensive.
Enter chess engines and a few years down the line the situation has changed drastically. Grandmasters who were previously held in awe are now being taunted from the sideline because of their machine-calculated blunders: errors made public almost before they even complete moving.
Analysis doesn’t take that long anymore. A Grandmaster doesn’t have to wait for ages before another Grandmaster is ripe enough to challenge his moves. His moves are analyzed and laughed at right under his nose.
Does this help us in any way? Maybe…
Maybe the computer is taking away a lot of things – the pleasure of watching the game with other real people, the naturalness, the royalty, and the grandiose dreaming associated with the game.
But maybe also the computer analysis has helped us discover ourselves too. Computers easily expose our tactical faults at the game of chess; but more importantly they may make us realize our own strategic and human capabilities, and that of our peers.
“But whatever you might say and whatever I might say, a machine which can play chess with people is one of the most marvelous wonders of our 20th century!” – David Bronstein
Strategy, not Tactics
Knowing that our faults will be out there in the open quickly challenges us to put our strength into the thinking and analysis of principles – tactics alone no longer cut it at the highest levels of play.
Computers may have made us more human. We no longer push pieces with superior smirks on our faces, because now we know our own vulnerability. GM’s are no longer interested in making their games faultless, but instead adapt their styles to magnify their own strengths, and profit from the weakness of their competition. This is what strategy is, folks.
In the same vein, tiny super computers and software written for every human endeavor may expose our weaknesses, but they challenge us to harness our strengths more efficiently also.
They tell us that as humans no matter how hard we try, we can’t know it all. We’ll always have frailty and faults. This lesson can leave us more grounded if we choose, and teach us the importance of depth of thought instead of raw and instantaneous tactical gratification – we should think and improve on those perceptive and judgemental, truly human, elements that computers will never possess.
“Computers are magnificent tools for the realization of our dreams, but no machine can replace the human spark of spirit, compassion, love, and understanding.” – Louis V. Gerstner, Jr.
To win today we must be deep, be principled, be human, and Be Strategic.
credit: the full Deep Fritz – V. Kramnik game can be found in interactive PGN format here…
image: Deep Fritz (w) vs. Vladimir Kramnik, 2006: Black to move. created by http://www.chessvideos.tv/chess-diagram-generator.php
I realize many of you don’t care about American Football, but bear with me. Strategy is a universal skill that you can learn from anything that you know well, and I understand the game.
It may be cliché now to hear about American Football being chess – but both coaches and players absolutely must execute complicated plans of attack and ‘think on their feet.’ Football is a melee chess. Many of the same principles applied in a chess match are applied in the game.
Both games share the same spirit of complexity and improvisation – it takes clever strategy and sound fundamentals to win on the football field just as with chess, plus the ability to make your opponent pay for his inevitable mistakes.
Much like chess, offensive and defensive strategies are employed to break down the opponents guard and reach the end zone. On Offense, you either break open the center, or you tie the opponent to it and flank attack. On Defense you either commit to a strong central rush, or misdirect that you are going to do so. On both Offense and Defense, and in Tactical Themes, you can concentrate on being either dependable, or explosive.
“It is a matter of the Direct and the Indirect; there are only these two possible tactics, but in combination their number is infinite.” – Sun Tzu, The Art of War
Having the ball, being on the offensive, or controlling the initiative is just as important in both games. The offensive team can make more mistakes in general, and can plan and adapt more effectively. Offensive strategy in both games uses a combination of potential threats to break down an opponent’s ability to respond to the real one. And like chess, Great Offenses can be built around the mobility of a few key players, where Defenses are most effective as a comprehensive package.
In both games misdirection is crucial; teams and players alike must think ahead and come up with moves that threaten multiple targets at once, to penetrate the opponent’s guard. Sometimes you may have to sacrifice an important piece/player to gain an advantage.A fake hand-off to the running back will cause the defense to target the running back in order to free up time for a pass. There are also sneakier plays that are reminiscent of gambits such as a QB bootleg, lateral or ‘Hail Mary.’ These are risky but have huge payoffs.
Stringing together the right combinations can lead to exciting offensive displays, or alter the tide of battle in the case of a break-open defense, and these themes go beyond the field to teach us invaluable life lessons, if we pay attention.
Reaching the end zone
It’s also crucial to think on your feet on the football field. Just like chess the ability to respond to an opponent’s immediate stance is a skill that every master must understand. Peyton Manning is one quarterback famous for his ability to alter plays at the line of scrimmage.
How can we apply these tactics to our own lives? In business it’s important to have a fundamental tactical and thematic understanding of any undertaking.
“Man, Know Thyself.” – inscribed on the Temple of Delphi
Once you start to implement your plans you may run into roadblocks and opposition, and it is therefore critical to know yourself, your opponent, and to know the field you are playing on.
Finding the right strategic balance may involve sacrificing time, assets or personnel. Keeping stakeholders (or spouses) happy and staying within budget are all integral parts of achieving success. In that case, calling ‘an audible’ may be necessary, whether it’s an emergency meeting, budget cuts or a clever marketing strategy to divert negative attention.
Reviewing great offensive juggernauts like the ’84 Miami Dolphins or the ’07 New Orleans Saints gives plenty of insight into powerful offensive strategies, but so can looking at shut down defenses like the legendary Pittsburgh Steel Curtain. Like those legends of football, what are your own thematic strengths? Can you leverage them? How can the same methods of quick thinking, misdirection and sacrifice be applied to achieve success? Does the situation call for a Direct or Indirect strategy?
Think about who you are before the game, and the answers will come more easily in the heat of battle.
Credits: Special thanks to Adam Krieger for his contribution to the ideas and structure of this post.
image: Football from Pixabay a Creative Commons 0.0 photo courtesy of Skitterphoto – edited.
“For 37 years I’ve practiced fourteen hours a day, and now they call me a genius!” – Pablo de Sarasate 1844-1908.
Being a success takes determined, consistent study and practice, and you stay stay there ‘by determined, consistent study and practice.’
It takes a huge commitment of time to become great at chess, or business, or any life skill. Great players don’t just wake up and go out to conquer championships. The brilliance, smiles and victory you see on the day of the game are all enabled by discipline, study, and practice.
Remember the words of Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf – “The more you sweat in peace time, the less you bleed in war.”
It’s obvious, you cannot shy away from practice and self-review if you intend to become a great player. Hitting the books is one aspect, but alone it is not enough. Your studies must be followed with exercises and actual play. Just like you cannot get game experience in isolation; your practice too has to be backed up by serious after-game analysis otherwise you will continually commit the same mistakes. Learning should become a skill and a habit for you, if not also a life-long discipline.
“I believed in studying just because I knew education was a privilege. It was the discipline of study, to get into the habit of doing something that you don’t want to do.” – Wynton Marsalis
It is not different from the way you study and practice in school. The more familiar you are with a subject, the more interesting it is. Examinations are easier, teachers are friendlier, and subjects are more engaging when you have diligently prepared for them.
Chess teaches you to sweat before the match. Winning consistently takes a pound of preparation against an ounce of play. Malcom Gladwell quipped that you are unlikely to “master” any complex field (like high-level chess) if you haven’t practiced ten thousand hours. This translates to practice of twenty hours every week for twenty years. Where does that leave you in your dreams of becoming a grandmaster?
You may not aim to be world-class, but the habit of study and practice must be a part of your game plan for success, in Business and in Life.
How do you study and practice the Game of Life?
Manage your resources carefully, especially your effort, time, and timing. Everything except time can be regained, and timing means doing things in relation to their proper order for effectiveness.
When you practice a skill (Chess, soccer, paper-trading your investments, etc.), choose a period you won’t be distracted and your energy is high – it will allow you to focus. There are lots of things that take only a few minutes during the day, like answering email or paying bills, but learning a skill takes a concerted, uninterrupted effort. 30 – 45 minutes of concentration per day on one habitual task will increase your skill of focus in everything else you undertake.
“From one thing know ten thousand.” – Musashi, The Book of Five Rings
Eventually you’ll build enough momentum from success in practice that other areas of your work will become sweet and effortless; you simply become a multi-disciplinary “genius.” Miyamoto Musashi, quoted above, in addition to being the greatest swordsman of all time without a single loss in over 60 duels, was a blacksmith, a poet, a tea-master, and cross-talent in many other fields. Mastery in anything is like that, it follows you elsewhere.
The Art of Strategy is all about creating durable minor advantages today that will last a LONG time. Progress may seem slow at first, but when those first lessons snowball and are supported by daily commitment, success will come “like the wheel behind the ox.” Tactics may win you a moment here and there, but it is Strategy and Discipline that ensure success.
What you do in your “down-time” matters. Practice. Daily.
“Talent is cheaper than table salt. What separates the talented individual from the successful one is a lot of hard work.“ – Stephen King
image: Chess a Creative Commons 0.0 photo courtesy of Counselling from Pixabay
Strategic Play: Increase your Options
“I don’t believe in psychology. I believe in good moves.” – Bobby Fischer
Bobby Fischer was one of the all time greats in positioning the chess pieces. In his games, we find brilliant pawn structure and resource “mobility.” Raw mobility in chess means having positioned your pieces in a way that allows you the greatest number of moves – if you have more choices then you will generally have more effective attacks on offense and a more composed defense available should you face a threat.
Having options wins games, often all by itself.
“Fischer was a master of clarity and a king of artful positioning. His opponents would see where he was going but were powerless to stop him.” – Bruce Pandolfini
The other side of this is of course to minimize the chances of your opponent. We have to face opponents not only in chess, but also in our personal relationships, business and every other undertaking, whether they are people or real-life situations and habits we want to change. Boosting your options while limiting those of your rivals is a good lesson to learn in life and chess.
Consider the game position from Fischer – Benko, in the US Championship 1963. White has just played the “binding” move of 11. f5, forcing his opponent to reduce the utility of his own pieces…
Although he has not castled yet (we’ve discussed King Safety in a previous post), White has a perfect example of piece mobility – almost every piece actively covers the others, the queen is in a strong mid-board position, the rooks are one move away from doubling (directly supporting each other), the bishops are centralized next to each other with open diagonals available, and the pawns are threatening from positions that don’t hamper the force’s movement. Like a happy family, they are all tied to each other, support each other, and don’t impede each others’ advancement.
In business also, you should “Keep your options open.” For example, if you are running an adult technical education program, keep an eye on how the trend is being changed in the field; for instance, is the night computer lab your most used venue? Perhaps transitioning to flexible class hours or online courses would work better for your students, increasing your school’s appeal. If you’re in high demand you can both expand your offerings and raise your tuition too!
By seeing the trends early elsewhere, you may be able to transition an under-performing method into a winner, whether by shifting resources into it, or emulating the other more successful “pieces on the board.”
“Don’t get hung up on static formations. In chess, all things are fluid, because mobility is everything. Formations are only valid as part of a sequence or plan, not as goals.” – Bruce Moon
Having a “plan B” doesn’t mean that you are dividing your efforts, …
but instead increasing the likelihood of your ultimate success. It’s as if you have moved you Knight from the corner to the center of board, enhancing the opportunities to combine it’s power with your other resources and ultimately provide a win.
Chess is a game of persistent, applied focus and determination, and in both Chess and Life there are no shortcuts to becoming a Master. You have to learn and improve every day, protect what you have, make plans of what you want to achieve, study the board, and try to create more options for yourself with every move. All of us are playing the game; every passing moment brings us closer to the destination or pushes us further away.
Watch the clock, move with precision, and learn from your mistakes. Increase your Options when you can. Play like you want to win. Be Strategic.
Postscript: The complete Fischer – Benko game can be found in an interactive format HERE…
Image: Fischer – Benko 1963, created with http://www.chessvideos.tv/genboard.php
“Confidence begets confidence.” – Latin proverb
Success in Chess is a rush. Usually you can see it coming, and cornering a tough opponent it is a solid shot of courage. The flush of excitement and the satisfaction of victory can be it’s own reward; it feels like nothing else to a serious chess player. Even success of an in-game tactic brings with it real promise – repeated small victories will bring you to the final checkmate.
You get the same feelings from success in life. The promotion of a pawn will bring a feeling of euphoria just like a sale to a major new client.
The Russian Chess GM and World Champion Garry Kasparov once said, “Enormous self-belief, intuition, the ability to take a risk at a critical moment and go in for a very dangerous play with counter-chances for the opponent – it is precisely these qualities that distinguish great players.”
Those ideas distinguish success in life as well. It doesn’t need to be a major life event. As in chess, life progresses one move at a time towards a greater end.
Racing to the grocery store after work to pick up dinner before making it to your child’s soccer game in time? It brings satisfaction, knowing you get to watch them play, and so too having dinner with them afterwards. Some may call those very small victories. But if you do it every week you will build good relationships with your family, celebrating their endeavors. That can be a huge move towards having a healthy family – a winning short term tactic building a victory in Life.
“Opportunities multiply as they are seized.” – Sun Tzu
Everything has choices, whether you are trading the stock market or taking a different route to the soccer game. Like Kasparov said, it takes “enormous self-belief, intuition, and the ability to take risks.” If you have those things in life as in chess, your confidence will grow and long term success can be built.
Hold every little victory to the promise it makes. Each minor success creates the possibility for another to follow, and then another. It does not matter whether it is in chess or in life, plugging away with focus and persistence will bring rewards, small and then great. Rest assured in your successes, whether you display them or not. Winning is not about being recognized.
“Never ask for approval in your work. Life is your own, inspiration is your own, you create alone, and the results are your own – and that’s good enough.” – David Louis
image: Chess a CC 0 photo from Pixabay courtesy of LyraBelacqua-Sally
“Chess is imagination” – David Bronstein
When a player calculates complex chess variations he has to “see” the pieces moving on the board. He has to imagine them in action, capturing or being captured, sacrificing themselves in a bold, aggressive attack, or protecting a weak spot by taking a defensive stance.
While disentangling intricate calculations, a player can easily fall victim of what is called a “chess hallucination.”
For example, you’re considering moving your rook from the a-file to the e-file. You evaluate your opponent’s likely responses, then promising continuations. For each one of these lines you reach a critical position to which you give a rough estimate. If you’re not happy with any of the resulting setups, you go backwards in your mind until you reach the initial position, and try to find other possible good alternative moves.
To make this happen, you’re racking your brain trying to visualize several hypothetical positions in your mind.
And this is how hallucinations happen. All of a sudden, you find yourself completely absorbed into some imaginary board, so much so that you end up removing the real one from your perception, the actual, real position of the pieces you could see right now under your eyes if you were just looking.
Suddenly, your perception becomes your reality.
Even if the rook is currently placed on the a-file, you really can’t see it, because your imagination has lead you to imagine it being on the e-file for such a long time. You got accustomed to seeing it on the e-file, and you’re now quite relaxed about it. No need to check again the rook’s position with your actual sight because you’re pretty sure it’s stationed on the e-file… And there you go.
“Imagination is the ability to form new images and sensations that are not perceived through senses such as sight, hearing, or other senses” – Wikipedia.
So, the basic difference between “imagination” and “hallucination” seems to be a person’s will: imagination is usually carried out voluntarily, while hallucinations just seem to happen, randomly and incidentally. On a perceptual level, “sea legs” are a kind of hallucination. A person newly on land after spending long periods at sea may sense an illusory rocking motion, having become accustomed to the constant work of adjusting to the boat making similarly swaying movements.
Accustomed and relaxed – that seems to be the soft spot where even the most trained imagination can be overcome by the involuntary hallucination, both in chess and in life.
Imagination is a powerful tool to use when setting your life goals and planning how to fulfill your dreams. But you should never forget that hallucinations, or delusions, are a very likely byproduct of the imagination that can seriously hamper your results.
When you gain a strong position in life – or what you perceive to be a strong position – don’t get accustomed too easily to what you have; don’t relax and cease to pursue your dreams too soon.
You passed your exam? Nice! It doesn’t mean you can quit studying though. Boss just gave you a raise? Congratulations! Work even more and show him you’re worth it. Your life dream came true and you’re leaving for a around-the-world trip? Awesome!
The trick is not to be overcome with the image, riding off the most recent achievement’s glory. Keep your imagination grounded and active, and don’t let the occasional “rook on the wrong file hallucination” ruin your dream.
You must take action to fulfill your visions of how you want things to happen. Just remember Reality is dreaming about YOU on the other side of the board, so you have to be defensive too. To live your dreams, your sense of what is possible, probable, and real will determine what your next move will be…
“Can you imagine what I would do if I could do all I can?” – Sun Tzu
image: hallucination of strategy CC 0 photo from Pixabay courtesy of geralt – edited